Welcome to the Territories page for the Sumas. This is a page managed by Native Land Digital.

Please let us know if you have any corrections or improvements we can make.

Last updated on July 31, 2022

1. Websites

3. Images

4. Sources

First Nations Seeker

Forbes, J. (1959). Unknown Athapaskans: The Identification of the Jano, Jocome, Jumano, Manso, Suma, and Other Indian Tribes of the Southwest. Ethnohistory, 6(2), 97-159. doi:10.2307/480321

Lockhart, B. (1997). Protohistoric Confusion: A Cultural Comparison of the Manso, Suma, and Jumano Indians of the Paso del Norte Region. Journal of the Southwest, 39(1), 113-149.


5. Changelog

  • First update (September 29, 2018)
  • Boundaries updated, source added (August 5, 2020)

5. Corrections

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