Welcome to the Languages page for the Sumas. This is a page managed by Native Land Digital.

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Last updated on September 30, 2018

1. Websites

3. Images

4. Sources

First Nations Seeker

Forbes, J. (1959). Unknown Athapaskans: The Identification of the Jano, Jocome, Jumano, Manso, Suma, and Other Indian Tribes of the Southwest. Ethnohistory, 6(2), 97-159. doi:10.2307/480321

Lockhart, B. (1997). Protohistoric Confusion: A Cultural Comparison of the Manso, Suma, and Jumano Indians of the Paso del Norte Region. Journal of the Southwest, 39,  pp. 113-149. 


5. Changelog

  • First update (September 29, 2018)

5. Corrections

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